Allergy Drug Information: Resep Dokter dan Obat Bebas Untuk Alergi

Resep Dokter dan Obat Bebas Untuk Alergi

Pemberian obat alergi untuk penderita alergi bukan jalan keluar utama yang terbaik. Pemberian obat jangka panjang adalah bentuk kegagalan mengidentifikasi dan menghindari penyebab.

  • Oral antihistamines (pil dan sirup) Over-the-counter oral antihistamines  loratadine (Claritin) and cetirizine (Zyrtec). Desloratadine (Clarinex) and levocetirizine (Xyzal) are available by prescription. Fexofenadine (Allegra) is available both over-the-counter and by prescription.  diphenhydramine (Benadryl), chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton) dan clemastine (Tavist)
  • Antihistamine nasal sprays  azelastine (Astelin, Astepro) and olopatadine (Patanase).
  • Antihistamine eyedrops  ketotifen (Zaditor, Alaway, others) and pheniramine (Visine-A, Opcon-A, others).  emedastine (Emadine) and olopatadine (Patanol, others).
  1. Over-the-counter: Allegra, Benadryl, Claritin, Chlor-Trimeton, Dimetane, Zyrtec, and Tavist. Ocu-Hist is an OTC eye drop.\
  2. Oral : Clarinex and Xyzal are oral medications. Astelin is a prescription nasal antihistamine spray dan antihistamine eye drops  Patanol and Elestat and Optivar.

Allergy Medications:

Older (generasi pertama) antihistamines:

  • Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
  • Chlorpheniramine
  • Brompheniramine
  • Carbinoxamine (Palgic)
  • Clemastine (Tavist Allergy)
  • Cyprohepatdine
  • Hydroxyzine (Vistaril)

Newer (generasi kedua) antihistamines:

  • Cetirizine (Zyrtec)
  • Desloratadine (Clarinex)
  • Fexofenadine (Allegra)
  • Loratadine (Claritin)
  • Levocetirizine (Xyzal)

Antihistamine semprot hidung:

  • Azelastine (Astelin, Astepro)
  • Olopatadine (Patanase)

Kombinasi Antihistamine/decongestant

  • Acrivastine (Semprex-D)
  • Zyrtec-D
  • Allegra-D
  • Claritin-D

Teytes Mata Alergi :

  • Azelastine (Optivar)
  • Emadastine (Emadine)
  • Naphazoline/pheniramine (Naphcon-A, Opcon-A, Visine-A)
  • Epinastine (Elestat)
  • Ketotifen (Zaditor, Alaway)
  • Olopatadine (Patanol, Pataday)
  • Loteprednol (Alrex, Lotemax)
  • Naphazoline (AK-Con, Casocon, Albalan)
  • Cromolyn (Crolom)
  • Lodoxamine (Alomide)
  • Nedocromil (Alocril)
  • Pemirolast (Alamast)
  • Ketorolac (Acular)

Korticosteroid Hidung:

  • Budesonide (Rhinocort Aqua)
  • Ciclesonide (Omnaris)
  • Flunisolide
  • Fluticasone furoate (Veramyst)
  • Fluticasone propionate (Flonase)
  • Mometasone furoate (Nasonex)
  • Triamcinolone acetonide (Nasacort AQ)
  • Beclomethasone dipropionate (Beconase AQ)

Steroids Hidung:

  • Beconase, Flonase, Nasocort, Nasonex, Rhinocort, Veramyst, Qnasl, Zetonna,  generic fluticasone

Inhaled steroids :

  • Azmacort, Flovent, Pulmicort, Asmanex, Q-Var, Alvesco, Aerobid
  • Advair and Symbicort a

Eye drops steroid:

  • Alrex, Dexamethasone.

Oral steroids:

  • Deltasone, prednisone.

Mast cell stabilizers:

  • Cromolyn sodium (Nasalcrom nasal spray)

Leukotriene drugs used for allergies:

  • Montelukast (Singulair)

Nasal anticholinergics:

  • Ipratropium bromide (Atrovent nasal spray)

Decongestants (Nasal):

  • Oxymetazoline (Afrin)

Oral Decongestan

  • Oral decongestants  pseudoephedrine (Sudafed). Claritin-D,  Phenylephrine
  • Nasal decongestant sprays dan drops  phenylephrine (Neo-Synephrine, others) and oxymetazoline (Afrin, others).
  • Decongestant tetes mata  tetrahydrozoline (Visine others) and naphazoline (Clear Eyes, others).
  • kombinasi decongestant dan antihistamin: Allegra-D,  Zyrtec-D

Obat Kombinasi

  • Allegra-D, Claritin-D, Zyrtec-D, Benadryl Allergy and Sinus, Tylenol Allergy and Sinus.
  • Semprex-D
  • Naphcon, Vasocon, Zaditor, Patanol, Optivar

Steroids

  • Nasal corticosteroid sprays  fluticasone (Flonase), mometasone (Nasonex), budesonide (Rhinocort Aqua), triamcinolone (Nasacort AQ) and beclomethasone (Beconase AQ), fluticasone (Veramyst) and ciclesonide (Omnaris).
  • Inhaled corticosteroids  fluticasone (Flovent Diskus, Flovent HFA), budesonide (Pulmicort Flexhaler), mometasone (Asmanex Twisthaler), beclomethasone (Qvar) dan ciclesonide (Alvesco).
  • Corticosteroid eyedrops  dexamethasone (Maxidex, others), fluorometholone (FML) and prednisolone (Pred Forte, Pred Mild).
  • Corticosteroid skin creams  hydrocortisone (Cortaid, others) dan triamcinolone (Kenalog).
  • Oral corticosteroids (pills dan sirup) prednisone (Prednisone Intensol) dan prednisolone (Prelone)

Autoinjectable epinephrine

  • Twinject, EpiPen and EpiPen Jr.

Mast Cell Stabilizers

  • Intal, Tilade, Crolom, Alomide, Alocril, Opticrom, Alamast, Nasalcrom
  • Mast cell stabilizer eyedrops  cromolyn (Crolom), lodoxamide (Alomide), pemirolast (Alamast), nedocromil (Alocril).

Leukotriene Modifiers

  • Accolate (zafirlukast), Singulair (monteleukast), Zyflo (zileuton)

Topical steroids untuk alergi kulit:

  • Aclometasone
  • Fluocinolone
  • fluocinonide (Lidex, Vanos)
  • Hydrocortisone
  • triamcinolone (Allernaze, Aristospan 5 mg, Aristospan Injection 20 mg, Kenalog 10 Injection, Nasacort AQ)
  • desonide (DesOwen)
  • flurandrenolide (Cordran Lotion, Cordran Tape)
  • fluticasone (Advair Diskus, Advair HFA, Cutivate Cream, Cutivate Lotion, Cutivate Ointment)
  • mometasone (Asmanex Twisthaler, Elocon Ointment, Elocon, Nasonex, Elocon Lotion)
  • prednicarbate (Dermatop Ointment, Dermatop Emollient Cream)
  • Amcinonide
  • betamethasone valerate (Luxiq, Cultivate Cream)
  • desoximetasone (Topicort)
  • diflorasone (Psorcon E Emollient Cream)
  • halcononide (Halog Cream, Halog-E Cream)
  • betamethasone dipropionate (Halog Ointment)
  • clobetasol propionate (Halog Solution)
  • halobetasol propionate (Ultravate Cream, Ultravate Ointment, Cortaid)

Penggolongan menurut USA system

The USA system menggunakan 7 kelas, yang diklasifikasikan oleh kemampuan mereka untuk menyempitkan kapiler. Kelas I adalah yang terkuat atau superpotent. Kelas VII adalah yang paling lemah dan paling ringan.

Group I

Sangat poten dan kuat potensinya  600 kali lebihkuat dibandingkan hydrocortisone

  • Clobetasol propionate 0.05% (Dermovate)
  • Betamethasone dipropionate 0.05% (Diprolene)
  • Halobetasol proprionate 0.05% (Ultravate, Halox)
  • Diflorasone diacetate 0.05% (Psorcon)

Group II

  • Fluocinonide 0.05% (Lidex)
  • Halcinonide 0.05% (Halog)
  • Amcinonide 0.05% (Cyclocort)
  • Desoximetasone 0.25% (Topicort)

Group III

  • Triamcinolone acetonide 0.5% (Kenalog, Aristocort cream)
  • Mometasone furoate 0.1% (Elocon ointment)
  • Fluticasone propionate 0.005% (Cutivate)
  • Betamethasone dipropionate 0.05% (Diprosone)

Group IV

  • Fluocinolone acetonide 0.01-0.2% (Synalar, Synemol, Fluonid)
  • Hydrocortisone valerate 0.2% (Westcort)
  • Hydrocortisone butyrate 0.1% (Locoid)
  • Flurandrenolide 0.05% (Cordran)
  • Triamcinolone acetonide 0.1% (Kenalog, Aristocort A ointment)
  • Mometasone furoate 0.1% (Elocon cream, lotion)

Group V

  • Triamcinolone acetonide 0.1% (Kenalog, Aristocort,kenacort-a vail, cream, lotion)
  • Fluticasone propionate 0.05% (Cutivate cream)
  • Desonide 0.05% (Tridesilon, DesOwen ointment)
  • Fluocinolone acetonide 0.025% (Synalar, Synemol cream)
  • Hydrocortisone valerate 0.2% (Westcort cream)

Group VI

  • Alclometasone dipropionate 0.05% (Aclovate cream, ointment)
  • Triamcinolone acetonide 0.025% (Aristocort A cream, Kenalog lotion)
  • Fluocinolone acetonide 0.01% (Capex shampoo, Dermasmooth)
  • Desonide 0.05% (DesOwen cream, lotion)

Group VII

Kelas terlemah dari steroid topikal. Memiliki permeabilitas lipid yang lemah, dan tidak dapat menembus membran mukosa baik.

  • Hydrocortisone 2.5% (Hytone cream, lotion, ointment)
  • Hydrocortisone 1% (Many over-the-counter brands)

Penggolongan Steroid Topical sesuai Potensinya

Nama merek dagang Nama Generik
CLASS 1—Potensi sangat kuat
Clobex Lotion/Spray/Shampoo, 0.05% Clobetasol propionate
Cormax Cream/Solution, 0.05% Clobetasol propionate
Diprolene Ointment, 0.05% Betamethasone dipropionate
Olux E Foam, 0.05% Clobetasol propionate
Olux Foam, 0.05% Clobetasol propionate
Temovate Cream/Ointment/Solution, 0.05% Clobetasol propionate
Ultravate Cream/Ointment, 0.05% Halobetasol propionate
Vanos Cream, 0.1% Fluocinonide
Psorcon Ointment, 0.05% Diflorasone diacetate
Psorcon E Ointment, 0.05% Diflorasone diacetate
CLASS 2—Potensi Kuat
Diprolene Cream AF, 0.05% Betamethasone dipropionate
Elocon Ointment, 0.1% Mometasone furoate
Florone Ointment, 0.05% Diflorasone diacetate
Halog Ointment/Cream, 0.1% Halcinonide
Lidex Cream/Gel/Ointment, 0.05% Fluocinonide
Psorcon Cream, 0.05% Diflorasone diacetate
Topicort Cream/Ointment, 0.25% Desoximetasone
Topicort Gel, 0.05% Desoximetasone
CLASS 3—Potensi Sedang Kuat
Cutivate Ointment, 0.005% Fluticasone propionate
Lidex-E Cream, 0.05% Fluocinonide
Luxiq Foam, 0.12% Betamethasone valerate
Topicort LP Cream, 0.05% Desoximetasone
CLASS 4—Potensi Sedang Kuat
Cordran Ointment, 0.05% Flurandrenolide
Elocon Cream, 0.1% Mometasone furoate
Kenalog Cream/Spray, 0.1% Triamcinolone acetonide
Synalar Ointment, 0.03% Fluocinolone acetonide
Westcort Ointment, 0.2% Hydrocortisone valerate
CLASS 5—Potensi Sedang Lemah
Capex Shampoo, 0.01% Fluocinolone acetonide
Cordran Cream/Lotion/Tape, 0.05% Flurandrenolide
Cutivate Cream/Lotion, 0.05% Fluticasone propionate
DermAtop Cream, 0.1% Prednicarbate
DesOwen Lotion, 0.05% Desonide
Locoid Cream/Lotion/Ointment/Solution, 0.1% Hydrocortisone
Pandel Cream, 0.1% Hydrocortisone
Synalar Cream, 0.03%/0.01% Fluocinolone acetonide
Westcort Cream, 0.2% Hydrocortisone valerate
CLASS 6—Potensi Sedang
Aclovate Cream/Ointment, 0.05% Alclometasone dipropionate
Derma-Smoothe/FS Oil, 0.01% Fluocinolone acetonide
Desonate Gel, 0.05% Desonide
Synalar Cream/Solution, 0.01% Fluocinolone acetonide
Verdeso Foam, 0.05% Desonide
CLASS 7—Potensi Lemah
Cetacort Lotion, 0.5%/1% Hydrocortisone
Cortaid Cream/Spray/Ointment Hydrocortisone
Hytone Cream/Lotion, 1%/2.5% Hydrocortisone
Micort-HC Cream, 2%/2.5% Hydrocortisone
Nutracort Lotion, 1%/2.5% Hydrocortisone
Synacort Cream, 1%/2.5% Hydrocortisone

Immunomodulators untuk alergi kulit:

  • Pimecrolimus (Elidel)
  • Tacrolimus (Protopic)

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Information on this web site is provided for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. You should not use the information on this web site for diagnosing or treating a medical or health condition. You should carefully read all product packaging. If you have or suspect you have a medical problem, promptly contact your professional healthcare provider

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