Pityriasis Alba or Eczema ?

Pityriasis Alba merupakan kelainan kulit yang umum mirip eksim. Pityriasis Alba menimbulkan bercak-bercak bulat oval dan kasar di kulit. Bercak tersebut biasanya terjadi pada pipi. Kelainan ini paling sering terjadi pada anak-anak dan remaja. Sampai saat ini dalam dunia kedokteran gangguan kulit ini masih misterius dan penyebab tidak diketahui. Tetapi beberapa laporan ilmiah menyebutkan gangguan ini berkaitam dengan alergi



  • Sicherer SH,  Sampson HA:  Food allergy.  J Allergy Clin Immunol 2006,  (Suppl 2):470-475.
  • Hambly EM, Wilkinson DS. Some atypical forms of eczema in children. Ann Dermatol Venereol. 1978 Apr;105(4):369-71. French.
  • Blessmann Weber M, Sponchiado de Avila LG, Albaneze R, Magalhães de Oliveira OL, Sudhaus BD, Cestari TF. Pityriasis alba: a study of pathogenic factors. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2002 Sep;16(5):463-8.
  • du Toit MJ, Jordaan HF. Pigmenting pityriasis alba. Pediatr Dermatol. 1993 Mar;10(1):1-5.
  • Brenninkmeijer EE, Spuls PI, Legierse CM, Lindeboom R, Smitt JH, Bos JD. Clinical differences between atopic and atopiform dermatitis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008 Mar;58(3):407-14.
  • Di Lernia V, Ricci C. On atopic and idiopathic extensive pityriasis alba. Pediatr Dermatol. 2006 Nov-Dec;23(6):589-90.
  • Sandhu K, Handa S, Kanwar AJ. Extensive pityriasis alba in a child with atopic dermatitis. Pediatr Dermatol. 2004 May-Jun;21(3):275-6
  • Wolf R, Sandbank M, Krakowski A. Extensive pityriasis alba and atopic dermatitis. Br J Dermatol. 1985 Feb;112(2):247.
  • Blessmann Weber M, Sponchiado de Avila LG, Albaneze R, Magalhães de Oliveira OL, Sudhaus BD, Cestari TF. Pityriasis alba: a study of pathogenic factors. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2002 Sep;16(5):463-8.
  • Massone C, Cavalchini A, Clapasson A, Nunzi E. Hypopigmented macules: leprosy, atopy or pityriasis versicolor? G Ital Dermatol Venereol. 2010 Dec;145(6):779-82.
  • Van Do T,  Elsayed S,  Florvaag E,  Hordvik I,  Endresen C:  Allergy to fish parvalbumins: studies on the cross-reactivity of allergens from 9  commonly consumed fish.  J Allergy Clin Immunol 2005,  116:1314-1320.
  • Helbling A,  Haydel R,  McCants ML,  Musmand JJ,  El Dahr J,  Lehrer SB:  Fish allergy: is cross-reactivity among fish species relevant? Double-blind placebo-controlled  food challenge studies of fish allergic adults.  Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 1999,  83:517-523.
  • Sten E,  Hansen TK,  Stahl SP,  Andersen SB,  Torp A,  Bindslev-Jensen U, et al.:  Cross-reactivity to eel, eelpout and ocean pout in codfish-allergic patients.  Allergy 2004,  59:1173-1180.
  • Leung PS,  Chen YC,  Chu KH:  Seafood allergy: tropomyosins and beyond.  J Microbiol Immunol Infect 1999,  32:143-154.
  • Reese G,  Ayuso R,  Lehrer SB:  Tropomyosin: an invertebrate pan-allergen.  Int Arch Allergy Immunol 1999,  119:247-258.
  • Halkier-Sorensen L,  Thestrup-Pedersen K:  Skin irritancy from fish is related to its postmortem age.  Contact Dermatitis 1989,  21:172-178.
  • Ree-Kim L,  Lehrer SB: Seafood allergy.  Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol 2004,  4:231-234.
  • Jeebhay MF,  Robins TG,  Lehrer SB,  Lopata AL: Occupational seafood allergy: a review.  Occup Environ Med 2001,  58:553-562.
  • Aasmoe L,  Bang B,  Andorsen GS,  Evans R,  Gram IT,  Lochen ML: Skin symptoms in the seafood-processing industry in north Norway.  Contact Dermatitis 2005,  52:102-107.

Provided by


Yudhasmara Foundation


Clinical and Editor in Chief :

Dr Widodo Judarwanto, pediatrician email : judarwanto@gmail.com, Curiculum Vitae

Information on this web site is provided for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. You should not use the information on this web site for diagnosing or treating a medical or health condition. You should carefully read all product packaging. If you have or suspect you have a medical problem, promptly contact your professional healthcare provider.

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